Reality therapy involves a person-centered approach that focuses on the here and now rather than issues from the past. This therapy promotes problem-solving and making better choices in order to achieve specific goals. A key component to reality therapy is the idea that mental distress is not the result of a mental illness. Instead it is the result of a socially universal human condition that occurs when an individual has not had their basic psychological needs met like love, nourishment, shelter, freedom, independence, and enjoyment of life.
The physiological needs include:
- love and belonging
- power and achievement
- survival (nourishment and shelter etc.)
- freedom and independence
- fun (enjoyment and pleasure)
Developed by William Glasser in the 1960s, this treatment method for mental health promotes problem-solving and making better choices in order to achieve specific goals. Our mental health facility in Boca Raton assesses all patients to determine their best treatment plan and there are many people who could benefit from reality therapy. We provide effective treatment methods for mental health and can help numerous individuals manage their daily symptoms.
According to Glasser, whether we are aware of it or not, we are all the time acting to meet these basic needs. While we may struggle to choose our feelings and physiology, we are able to directly choose our thoughts and actions. Sometimes however, we don’t act effectively, and this can have negative repercussions for our health and well-being. Reality therapy is therefore designed to find ways of meeting a person's basic needs, whilst facilitating clients to become aware of, and change negative thoughts and actions. This is to help them take control of their behavior, as well as the world around them. Ultimately, reality therapists take the view that changing what we do is key to changing how we feel and to getting what we want.
Benefits of Reality Therapy
The strengths and benefits of reality therapy lie in its focus on solution-building - particularly on changing thoughts and actions. It provides individuals with a self-help tool to gain more effective control over their lives and their relationships - helping to boost their confidence and self-esteem and enabling them to better cope with adversity and grow personally.
This makes the approach particularly useful in helping to treat mental health problems such as addictions, eating disorders, substance abuse, phobias, anxiety, and other behavioral and emotional issues. It can also prove useful in treating highly sensitive problems such as racial issues, sexual identity issues, and cultural clashes. These can all cause division and tension, but reality therapy can help bridge the gap between intolerance and ignorance - helping individuals to recognize how their behavior is negative and promoting equality.
The mental health experts at Banyan Mental Health are committed to providing the best care possible for all individuals struggling with mental illness. Reality therapy is an approach to mental health treatment that has been proven effective. Contact us today to learn more about how this approach can help you.